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* Javanese mysticism (Kebatinan) & Traditional Javanese religious tolerance: a model to the world?
*The Yogya Kraton Myth
*Taman Sari 
*The Gunungan 
*Tutup Ngisor
*What we can do for Java....
*Java: Land of Kala, its Candi's (Temples):
Borobudur 1
*Borobudur 2

*Borobudur 3
*Borobudur 4

*Borobudur 5
*Borobudur 6
*Candi Mendut

*Candi Pawon
*Candi Ngawen
*Candi Sari
*Candi Kalasan
*Candi Sambisari
*Candi Prambanan
*Candi Lumbung
*Candi Bubrah

*Candi Sewu
*Candi Plaosan
*Candi Gebang
*Candi Ijo
*Candi Banyunibo




Candi Gebang
A surprise right from the start


First one should realize the times (9th century) in which the Candi's were built. There was a sympathetic cooperation/competition between Hinduism and Buddhism. One topic the Buddhists were struggling with is Sakyamuni Buddha's background. He came from the caste of the Ksatrya's or warriors, while the Hindu's had Brahmins - one caste higher - at the top of the hierarchy. Secondly, Buddhism was under threat, the two factors together contributing to looking with a zealous heart to the coming of a future Savior Buddha. 

The Bodhisattva's birth process
(From above down)


When we look at these pictures we may conclude that they are much less "mysterious" than originally thought. Especially, if we saw Candi Plaosan before visiting Gebang. The symbolism is that of "Head in Womb". From above down we see a stupa, a Kala head, a womb-structure (all three Mother symbolism) and a head. I can have only one conclusion: it is a Bodhisattva, being reborn through the Cosmic Mother (For additional explanation: see Candi Plaosan)

Hindu Ganesha

Bodhisattva Maitreya?

Or/and Bodhisattva Samantabhadra?
(Often portrayed with elephant, see above)

Connected to the Mother of the (three) Buddha's


The strong expectations towards a future Savior may have contributed to reviving memories from Javanese pre-Hindu and pre-Buddhist times, in which the "Womb" was the Supreme Cosmic Principle. Later the Prajnaparamita Sutra with the "Womb of all Buddhas" (meaning "just" Enlightenment), together with Hindu and Buddhist Tantrism led to a unique blend of Rebirth philosophy. The Linggam as a central Womb symbol, located in the (Birth/Transformation) inner Chamber of Gebang) speaks for itself. Altogether it could lead to the assumption, that Gebang was an expression of the desire for Renewal of Buddhism. Some (J.L.Moens) claim the same for Borobudur! 

The fact that Gebang is a small temple, and that until this very day is very popular with village people, is maybe an additional point for assuming that Gebang is rooted in old Javanese people's collective memory....

geb-1851.jpg (8935 bytes)

Linggam in the Inner Chamber

Womb symbolism

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Last revising: 07/22/12